The Truth About Panettone


You may have a beautifully wrapped & decorated panettone, but how do you know if you’re eating the real thing and not a poor imitation?

It’s buttery rich, incredibly fragrant and never ever too sweet!  Its conical outer has a slight crust, whose middle curls gently outwards into what is described as 4 ‘ears’, from where a cross has been scored into the dough before being baked.  Its soft middle has strands that have been described as coming apart like candy-floss, but retaining a slight chewiness, and the aromatic textural finale –  succulent dried and candied fruits.

Don’t Settle for a Poor Imitation

If you’re eating the real thing, it has taken 36 hours to make! In its ‘dough’ stage, each panettone is left to prove 3 times.  They are sour-dough based, which explains why each handmade one tastes a little different, as their lively ‘Mother’ yeast is created individually by each baker. Being sourdough also explains why they’re easily digestible, no industrial super-rise yeast concoctions contained in these lovelies!  This is part of the reason why a ‘genuine’ one costs €25+ and once tasted one you never go back to those all cardboard, cakey sugar hag cheap imitations. If in doubt check the ingredients!

Today’s Panettone Basic Ingredients

Wheat flour, Sour Dough Starter (Yeast), Eggs (more whites than yolks), Sugar, 16% Butter, 16% Dried and Candied Fruit

A Bread of Good Wishes

Its Milanese history starts in Medieval times, Christmas was the one time of the year that the poor majority ate ‘white’ wheat flour.  The rest of the year their bread was made with farro, rye and oat flour. Added to this was honey, pumpkin and raisins that represented good wishes for all that shared it.  By the mid-17th century, it was known as pane di tono (luxury bread), and a slice of this bread would be saved to eat, toasted and spread with butter on 3rd February.  This was the feast day of San Biagio (St Blaise) who is said to protect against throat ailments. 

Its shape remained more loaf than cake until the 1920s. Post the Russian Revolution there was a sizable Russian community who had emigrated to Milan.  One emigre wanted to know if their much-appreciated Easter cakes (Kulich), baked in a  cylindrical mould could be made by his new local baker, Angelo Motta. It gave him the idea to do the same with Panettone, surrounding the dough with paper to push it up and culminating in the 1950s with a ‘pirottino’, its famous paper cup that gives the panettone its shape and height!

Watching Panettone being made,  you realise what a labour of love it is!  I spent a day checking in and out with one of Abruzzo’s famous makers whose handmade panettone celebrates the history and local ingredients of each town/mountain that his unique panettone is named after.  For example, the Double Chocolate Castelli Panettone for the majolica town of Castelli is famous for being one the first towns in Abruzzo to have ‘chocolate’,  This was due to the Spanish who settled there to teach and create the town’s Majolica.   Away from the cheap and cheerful using fast-rise industrial yeast and what seems like a huge hike in the extra cost for an ‘artisan’ one, the best advice is to try the best you can afford.  The difference is vast in flavour and textures and remember real panettone is a 3-day process, reward the baker who makes something so lovely!

Sam Dunham
Author: Sam Dunham

Sam is a very lucky midlife 'mamma' to A who is 12 and juggles her work as a self-employed freelance SEO food and travel copywriter and EFL teacher. She is the founder of the Life In Abruzzo Cultural Association, co-founder of Let's Blog Abruzzo. she is the founder of the 'English in the Woods' initiative, teaching English outdoors in a forest style school.

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Kevin Denham
Kevin Denham
27 November 2020 22:53

Fantastic article but have you ever heard about anyone who makes a vegan version ?

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